Beans, also called french beans, kidney beans or runner beans, as well as many other names, are the seeds of Phaseolus vulgaris, an annual and climbing plant of the Fabaceae family, native to the Mesoamerican area (Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador). They have been cultivated since 7,000 A.D. and are one of the oldest vegetables domesticated by man. In fact, after their introduction to Europe by the Spanish conquistadors, they quickly went on to became very popular in Asia and Africa too. Currently, it is estimated that 45% of global bean production comes from Latin America.
As with other garden seeds, being popular in many distinct cultures over the world has led to countless culinary uses for beans, and also a great number of different varieties. Rich in carbohydrates, fibre and protein, they also contain minerals and most of the B vitamins. Be that as it may, it is always recommended to cook them because raw beans contain some toxic substances that are eliminated during cooking.
Beans are usually grown in both cold and warm climates, and have moderate water needs (logically, needs will increase with high temperatures) and in the form of a climbing plant, although there are also dwarf varieties that don't need a structure. They like well-draining soils rich in organic matter, with pH levels between 6-8. Always avoid waterlogging when irrigating. In addition, the bean family has a great ability to fix nitrogen in the soil, which is why they are widely used in crop rotations. They are sown throughout the spring and summer, in a staggered manner so as not to harvest all at the same time.
Below you have our range of bean seeds, all of them of the best quality to assure successful cultivation!