Origins of Sativa cannabis strains
Cannabis cultivars coming from the tropical and sub-tropical areas of the planet – Africa, South and Central America and Asia – are normally called Sativa strains. These strains are then naturally found in countries like Colombia, Mexico, Brazil, Jamaica (Central and South America), Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam (Southeast Asia), Malawi, South Africa, Kenya, Congo (Africa) and Nepal or India (South Asia), among others. Over time and generations, these Sativa varieties have developed specific traits that differentiate them from the others, either due to environmental conditions or breeding selections.
Sativa plant enjoying the sunlight
Cannabis Sativa was first classified by swedish botanist Carl Linneus in 1735.
Cannabis Sativa cultivation
The main phenotypic features of these strains are the long internodal distance, tall size, large and thin leafs with very narrow leaflets and long flowering periods that may range from 10 to 20 weeks, what makes their cultivation difficult for unexperienced growers, especially in indoor growing spaces. Almost all commercial Sativa strains have been crossed with Indica genetics to control these features, especially flowering time and size. Before the development of the first hybrid strains, Westerners basically smoked tropical Sativas smuggled from Colombia, Mexico, Brazil, etc. They were highly appreciated for their “high”, an energizing and inspiring effect only found in this type of strains, which is perfect to smoke during the day while we perform our daily activities.
Over time, and thanks to the first travellers to Asian countries, seeds from Indica strains coming from Afghanistan, Pakistan, etc. were brought to the West – along with new Sativa lines – thus enabling breeders to start developing the first hybrid varieties between their classic Sativas and the new Indicas brought from Asia. Basically, and since most Sativas were mainly grown outdoors, the first goal of many of these breeders was shortening the size and flowering period of their well-known Sativas, creating new strains more suitable for indoor cultures. Continue reading